The way fossil fuels, such as coal, create greenhouse gases is through its burning. When coal, oil or gas needs to be burned to heat water, it releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, increasing levels of CO2 and other gasses, trapping heat, and contributing to global climate change. The steam coming from the heated water then starts turning a turbine. With the movement of the turbine, a generator starts rotating to move electrons. In this way, the fossilized animals and plants with their stored energy create electricity.
This process with its negative impact on the environment can be avoided with the implementation of already existing solutions. Not only is renewable energy the better option for our climate, but it also possesses the potential of creating whole new sectors and therefore job opportunities.
So what types of renewable energy do we have at present?
Hydropower - run-of-river, offshore, pumped storage and storage hydropower
Solar - photovoltaic, concentrated, water heating and thermal solar energy
Geothermal - dry steam, flash, and binary geothermal power plants
Biomass - solid waste, wood and agricultural products, landfill gas and biogas, alcohol fuels
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