The concerns we have nowadays about buildings are two-fold: construction and living.
The majority of materials sourced and utilized for mass construction in urban areas is manufactured by burning fossil fuels. The greenhouse gases emitted through the production of steel, iron, steel, copper, aluminium, cement, plastic and silicone are some of the most detrimental to our environment. Another aspect we must take into consideration is land manipulation. This refers to the clearing of vegetation in order to expand cities, diverging rivers or forcing waters into artificial pathways. In addition, the construction industry produces extreme quantities of construction waste which often ends up inadequately disposed of in landfills.
The other negative side to buildings has to do with how we utilize these shelters inside, once they have been constructed. The ongoing need for electricity, heating spaces, water and cooking is a constant generator of emissions. Similarly, the chemicals used for cooling and refrigeration can escape as emissions too.
As with many other industries, the most common approach to creating sustainable buildings is by making them more efficient. This can range from sustainable sourcing of construction materials and their manufacturing to novel approaches in providing electricity for our light bulbs.
Recycle construction waste
Any material left behind at a construction site should find a new purpose. Natural materials such as wood can be easily turned into biomass. Metals can be smelt into other products and plastic or glass can be properly recycled.
Pollution prevention measures
Construction depends on many toxic materials which can easily end up in the surrounding environments through leaks, rainwater or other discharge. It should be a priority of construction companies to protect their own workers and the environment against these harmful substances.
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